The causes of dry and damaged hair and how to best repair damaged hair

One of the most frustrating problems you can face when trying to look your best is dry, brittle, and damaged hair. It’s easy to see if your hair has been overworked, but pinpointing the causes of your hair’s damage may not be so simple. A combination of environmental factors and your own hair care routine could be the reason why you’re experiencing breakage and dryness. Read ahead to figure out what causes dry hair and how to repair it.

Heat styling

Blow outs, curling irons, and straighteners are some of the most common culprits of dry and damaged hair. When you apply this kind of heat to your hair, especially when blow drying, it has the potential to warp the shape of each strand because it causes any water trapped inside to form bubbles underneath the hair’s protective layer.

How to repair:  Before using a blow dryer, let your hair air dry for a few minutes. Also, whether you’re using a blow dryer, a curling iron, or straighteners, make sure to go with a lower heat setting so that you don’t fry your hair. When shopping for hair irons, remember that 100 per cent ceramic or tourmaline plates are best because they release ions that make your hair shiny and protect it from heat damage.

Chemical processing

Hair procedures such as colouring and permanents essentially work by breaking down each hair strand and manipulating its makeup. This can lead to breakage because it strips the hair of its natural protein coating, which is used to hold in moisture.

How to repair: Use a weekly deep conditioner like JohnFrieda Full Repair Deep Conditioner to help restore the shape of hair cuticles and make them less porous. Also, remember to get your ends trimmed regularly to stop split ends before they travel up the hair shaft.

Extreme weather conditions

You hair is susceptible to drying and damage both in the sweltering heat of summer and the frigid winds of winter. During the hotter months, the sun’s UV rays are stronger and have the potential to damage your hair in the same way that they are bad for your skin. Combined with frequent swimming in salt water or chlorinated water, the sunny season can take a toll on your tresses.

On the other hand, during winter your hair becomes dryer because of the cold temperatures. In addition, you may be one of the many people who rely on wool or cotton hats and scarves to keep you warm outdoors. The accessories are good for warming but bad for your hair because they are made from materials that suck moisture out of your locks.

How to repair: When it’s hot, make sure to use a clarifying shampoo that can gently remove salt and chemicals from your hair after you have been swimming. Also, wear a hat at the beach to protect your hair and face from the sun. When winter comes, switch to heavier, more moisturising products. This will make sure your hair is conditioned sufficiently to fight off winter dryness.